Automation testing interview questions
Nowadays, automation testing is a full-fledged job in the software industry. Automation testing professionals collaborate with the development team to complete projects on time, which has resulted in various benefits and a lucrative career for modern-day professionals.
1. When is it suitable to automate a test?
A test is worth automating if the following conditions are met.
- The experiment can be repeated.
- The behaviour of the tested functionality does not change on a regular basis.
- A human tester requires time.
- Complex computations are required for the test.
2. When will you stop from using automated testing?
In terms of software testing, there are various situations in which a human tester can beat an automated test suite.
- It indicates that you must keep your automated tests up to date on a regular basis. As a result, testing might quickly become obsolete and no longer useful.
- Exploratory testing is likewise unsuitable for automated testing. A human tester can extensively explore software that a computer cannot.
3. Mention all the parts of a test automation framework.
Automation testing necessitates the usage of various software tools or frameworks.
There are several options from which to select. Here are some features to look for while considering these tools.
Programmable (code-based) or code-free tools:
Some tools require programming skills, whilst others do not, allowing a non-coder tester to construct test cases visually.
Commercial vs. Open Source:
The costs of the tools vary substantially based on the capabilities they offer. Commercial products can be expensive, but you get tech support when you need it. Even though open-source software is free, troubleshooting requires research.
Simple to operate:
Some automated testing solutions are notoriously difficult to use and require extensive instruction before providing any value.
4. Should all testing be automated?
Although test automation has advantages, it is impractical to automate all types of testing. Some types of testing can only be performed by a human tester, such as user interface testing, usability testing, and accessibility testing.
5. What exactly is a test environment?
A test environment is a computer or server that can be used to test software. To imitate the production environment, the tester installs the team’s newly built software, complete with all of its dependencies, on this workstation.
6. What is browser automation?
The process of automatically running a web application in a browser and doing further operations is known as “browser automation.”
7. What exactly is cross-browser testing?
The tester analyses whether or not the web application will run properly on different browsers, such as Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari, and others, in cross-browser testing, a type of automated browser testing.
8. Why is cross-browser testing required?
When employing web apps, you have no control over the browsers, platforms, or devices that your users may use to access your programme. Cross-browser testing, on the other hand, guarantees that your online application will work across several platforms and devices utilising various iterations of common web browsers.
9. What does automated regression testing entail?
A tester uses the Regression testing method to confirm that no functionality from previous features has been broken.
10. What are some of the greatest test automation practices?
Here are a few recommended practices that a software development and testing team should follow to ensure high-quality software.
- Choose which tasks to automate.
- Assign exam situations based on your knowledge and expertise.
- Remove the doubt.
- Choose the best tools and frameworks.
- Maintain test records in a bug database.
11. What is the test automation pyramid?
Martin Fowler created the test automation pyramid, which was first published in 2012. It is a technique for determining how to use various types of testing automation most efficiently. The core premise of the test pyramid is to have a lot of user interface (UI) unit tests and a lot fewer complete UI tests.
12. What is the definition of Automation Testing?
Automation is often defined as any process that reduces human labour. Automation testing is the act of performing repeating processes with software, bots, or any other means in order to eliminate errors, defects, or vulnerabilities in the script.
When multiple changes are required on a frequent basis, automation testing plays a critical part in the software development process of continuous testing and continuous delivery. Though testing is a different discipline in the software development process that involves specialised individuals and the usage of testing tools.
13. What are the general types of Automation tests used in the industry?
Depending on the need, many types of Automation tests are there:
- Unit Testing is performed at the development stage to find and overcome bugs in the process.
- Graphical User Testing (GUI) is performed to test the front-end or user interface of the application.
- Functional Testing is performed to test the ability of the functions present in the applications.
- Smoke Testing is performed to check if special feature stability with the overall product is feasible or not.
- Integration testing is done to ensure that the new module is logically integrated with the overall application and that communication is easy throughout the process.
To avoid conflicts, regression testing is performed on recent work that affects existing application functionality.
14. What are some excellent automation testing practices
Some of the best industry practices are as follows:
- Using suitable comments and following to naming conventions
- Avoiding redundant cases by separating codes based on use.
- Coding conventions are strictly followed in test scripts.
15. What is the definition of an automation testing framework?
An automated testing framework is a programme or component of software that follows principles and best practices in order to facilitate the automation process. To supplement testing, this framework includes a variety of functional libraries, object details, test data sources, methods, and reusable models.
16. How are automated testing frameworks useful?
Automation testing frameworks provide several benefits to the process.
Consistency and dependability in achieving desired results
Aids in the implementation of uniform testing throughout the system Simple to manage huge and complex code Able to add new cases
17. What kinds of testing frameworks are there in the industry?
There are several types of testing frameworks available on the market, based on the software’s requirements:
- Data-driven evaluation
- Testing driven by modularity
- Keyword-based testing
- Testing hybrids
- Model-based evaluation
- Code-based testing
- Behaviour-based learning
18. What are some of the best and worst instances for employing automation testing?
Automation is seen to be ideal in situations such as repetitive work, regression test cases, massive data sets, smoke testing, and so on. While automation testing is not good for random testing, individual test cases, application changes on a frequent basis, ad hoc testing, exploratory testing, and user interface testing, etc. Time and ROI (Return on Investment) are important considerations when selecting automation testing.
19. How would you define automated testing success?
Several factors can be used to assess the efficacy of automation testing, including:
- Software Maintenance Quality
- Instalment fees
- Number of discovered flaws or problems Software or test coverage
20. Do you think automation testing will eventually replace manual testing?
Both automation and manual testing are components of the broader testing process, each with advantages and disadvantages. Even though automated testing offers advantages, it cannot replace manual testing due to limitations in various circumstances.
21. What are the primary steps in the automation testing life cycle?
Here are the measures to take when establishing automation testing in general.
- Define the objectives for automation testing.
- Define the automation’s scope.
- Create test scripts and test suits to validate cases.
- Use automation technologies to carry out your plan.
- Maintain test logs in specific report formats.
22. What are some of the most commonly used tools for automation testing?
Several automation technologies, including Selenium, UFT, Appium, Ranorex, Watir, Tosca, and SoapUI, are utilised in the industry based on the requirements of the programme in general.
23. How would you go about choosing an automation tool?
Before selecting the correct automation tool, a testing expert should examine various criteria.
- Recognise project requirements
- Find a list of tools that meet these criteria.
- Think about the testing budget.
- Compare the tools based on their unique solution, reusability, reporting, and ease of use for that specific project.
Choose the tool that benefits your organisation in every way based on a comparison.
24. What exactly is the Robot framework? Give a high-level summary of its architecture.
Robot Framework is a rapidly growing open-source automation testing framework that is mostly used for robotic process automation (RPA).
The vast majority of the libraries in the ecosystem are also open-source. It employs a framework-specific syntax to store test data in files. A test suite contains a number of tests.
25. What are the various stages of the automation testing life cycle?
- Establish the scope of the automation testing.
- Choose the best automation frameworks and tools.
- Make a test plan as well as a test execution strategy.
- Make a testing environment.
- Development and execution of test cases.
- Analysis and creation of test reports.
Finally, going into the world of automation testing interview questions provides an in-depth look into the ever-changing nature of software testing. The demand for qualified automation testers is increasing as organisations increasingly adopt automation to improve the efficiency and accuracy of their testing operations. Navigating these interview questions not only prepares candidates for future hurdles, but it also highlights the need of remaining current on the newest developments and technologies in automation software testing.
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