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Indian scientists are changing the world. And things you probably didn't know about them!

Science is an important part of our daily lives, more than we realize. From our decorative aids to the technologies we can’t do without, from our empty spheres to space exploration, it’s all a gift of science and technology.

I wonder what we would do if none of these things was invented? How often do we take the time to think about those amazing ideas that make our lives easier? Here is a list of 14 Indian scientists who have achieved worldwide recognition –

1. Homi J. Bhabha

Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born on October 30, 1909, in Mumbai and played an important role in quantum theory. He was the first person to chair the Indian Atomic Energy Commission. He began his scientific career in nuclear physics in the United Kingdom, and Bhabha returned to India and played an important role in persuading senior Congress officials, especially Jawaharlal Nehru, to embark on an ambitious nuclear program.

Bhabha is widely recognized as the father of India’s nuclear power. But few know that he is completely against the production of atomic bombs in India, even though the country has enough resources. However, he suggested that the construction of a nuclear reactor would be used to reduce poverty and poverty in India. He died in the crash of Air India Flight 101 on Mont Blanc on January 24, 1966. Several possible theories emerged, including the secret agreement theory, in which the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was involved in paralyzing India’s nuclear program.

2. Visvesvaraya

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, born September 15, 1860, was a renowned Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and Diwan from Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was the recipient of the highest honour in the Republic of India, Bharat Ratna. Sir MV suggested that India would strive to be an industrialized country because he believed that India could be developed by industry.

He is credited with the invention of “automatic gate gates” and “block irrigation systems”, which are still considered a technical marvel. Every year, his birthday is celebrated on September 15 as Engineering Day in India.

Because rivers are expensive, in 1895 he invented an effective way of filtering water through the

3. Satyendra Nath Bose

SN Bose, born on January 1, 1894, in Calcutta, was an Indian physicist specializing in quantum mechanics. Of course, we remember him best for his role in the class of “boson” particles that Paul Dirac named after him for his work in the field.

Bose edited a lecture at the University of Dhaka on the theory of radiation and ultraviolet danger in a short article entitled “Planck’s Law and the Light Quantum Hypothesis” and sent it to Albert Einstein. Einstein agreed with him and translated Bose’s article “Planck’s Law and the Light Quantum Hypothesis” into German and in 1924 published it in the Zeitschrift für Physik under the title Bose. It became the basis of Bose-Einstein statistics.

In 1937, Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his only scientific book, Vishva – Parichay, to Satyendra Nath Bos. In 1954, the Indian government awarded him the second-highest civilian award in India, Padma Vibhushan.

4. Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha was born on October 6, 1893, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and his best-known work was the thermal ionization of elements, which led him to create the famous Saha Equation. This equation is one of the basic tools for interpreting the spectra of stars in astrophysics. By studying the spectra of different stars, their temperature can be determined and from there, using the Saha equation, the ionization state of the various elements that make up the star can be determined. He also invented a tool for measuring the weight and pressure of the sun’s rays. But did you know that he is also the chief architect of river planning in India? He drew the original plan for the Damodar Valley Project.

  5 Jagadish Chandra Bose
 

Acharya J.C. Bose is a man with many talents. Born on November 30, 1858, in Bikrampur, West Bengal, he was a polyhistor, physicist, biologist, botanist and archaeologist. He pioneered the study of radio and microwave optics, made a significant contribution to the study of plants, and laid the foundations of experimental science on the Indian subcontinent. He was the first person to use semiconductor nodes to detect radio signals and demonstrated wireless communication for the first time. In addition, he is likely to be the father of open technologies, as he makes his inventions and work freely available to others for further development. His reluctance to patent his work is legendary. Another of his known inventions was the crescograph, in which he measured the plant’s response to various stimuli and assumed that plants could feel pain, affection, and so on.

While most of us are aware of his scientific abilities, we may not realize his talent as the first science fiction writer! He is considered the father of Bengali sci-fi.
6. Birbal Sahni

Sahni was born on November 14, 1891, in Western Punjab and was an Indian paleobotanist who studied fossils on the Indian subcontinent. He was also a geologist interested in archaeology. Its greatest contribution lies in the study of plants in India today and also in the historical context.

In 1936 he was elected a member of the Royal Society of London (FRS), the highest British scientific award, first given by an Indian botanist. He was the founder of The Paleobotanical Society, founded the Institute of Paleobotany on September 10, 1946, and first served in the Department of Botany at Lucknow University. He died from a heart attack on April 10, 1949.

7. APJ Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (born October 15, 1931) is an Indian scientist who works as an aeronautical engineer at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

Kalam began his career designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. Kalam is also part of the INCOSPAR commission working under Vikram Sarabhai, a renowned space scientist. In 1969, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), where he was project director of India’s first satellite launch facility (SLV-III), which launched the Rohini satellite near Earth’s orbit in July 1980.

From 2002 to 2007, he also served as the 11th President of India. In his book, India 2020, Kalam outlines India’s plans to become a prosperous country by 2020. He has won many prestigious awards, including Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour. Did you know that Kalam, known for his love of children, has set himself the goal of meeting 100,000 students within two years of his dismissal as a scientific adviser in 1999? Let it inspire millions of people.

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Written by Nancy

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